Lets Correct Grammar Mistake that We often make – June-2014

A. Who and Whom

Using Who or Whom depends on whether you’re referring to the subject or object of a sentence.

Incorrect – I Consulted an attorney, who I met in New York.
Correct – I consulted an attorney whom I met in New York.


When in doubt, substitute Who with the subjective pronouns he or she, to ascertain the correctness of the use.

e.g. – who loves you? cf., He loves me.


Similarly, you can also substitute Whom with the objective pronouns him or her.

e.g. – I consulted an attorney whom I met in New York. cf., I consulted him.

B. Which and That


Use “that” with restrictive clauses as below:-

The painting that was hanging in the foyer was stolen. Explanation – The use of that in this sentence is correct if the reader intends to single out the one painting that was in the foyer as the stolen painting. However, if there were several paintings hanging in the foyer, this use would be incorrect.


Use which with nonrestrictive clauses. A nonrestrictive clause may tell us something interesting or incidental about a subject, but it does not define that subject, like as blow:

The painting, which was hanging in the foyer, was stolen. Explanation – While this nonrestrictive use tells us that the painting was hanging in the foyer, it does not tell us which of the several paintings in the foyer was the stolen painting.

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